Studies suggest that marijuana has potential benefits for a number of conditions. However, state laws vary with regard to conditions that qualify patients for treatment. In Nevada, you may qualify for treatment with medical marijuana if you have one of the following conditions:
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Cannabis has earned high regard in the medical community because of its effectiveness in treating HIV. Patients generally suffer from body aches and weight loss, among other ailments but a recent research revealed that marijuana may be able to stop the spread of the deadly virus.
A study published in the journal Molecular Cancer Therapeutics revealed that cannabidiol has the ability to inhibit the growth of cancer cells by turning off the Id-1 gene. Cancer cells replicate this particular gene in higher quantities than non-cancerous cells. In 2007, researchers at the California Pacific Medical Center reported that cannabidiol may prevent cancer cells from metastasizing. The proponents of the research experimented on breast cancer cells containing high level ofId-1 and treated them with cannabidiol. The results showed that the cells had decreased Id-1 expression, and the rest of the genes were less invasive. As a matter of fact, the American Association for Cancer Research found that cannabis can slow down the growth of tumors in the brain, breast and lungs.
Cachexia refers to the loss of body weight and accompanying weakness that may occur in patients with AIDS, cancer and other chronic diseases. Many people are aware of the way marijuana stimulates the appetite. This is caused by the effect of tetrahydrocannabinol on the body and there have been multiple studies confirming that patients who use medical cannabis experience an increase in appetite and a reduction in rate of weight loss
Marijuana can be used to treat glaucoma, which involves an increase in intraocular pressure, causing injury to the optic nerve and resulting in blindness. According to the National Eye Institute, studies conducted in the early 1970s indicated that smoking marijuana lowered intraocular pressure in subjects with normal pressure and those suffering from glaucoma.
Seizures, with or without limitations, including epilepsy
Evidence from laboratory studies, anecdotal reports, and small clinical studies from a number of years ago suggests that cannabis could potentially be helpful in controlling seizures
Persistent muscle spasms, including, without limitation, spasms caused by multiple sclerosis
The effectiveness of medical cannabis in treating muscle spasms is very well documented. Some patients find that medical cannabis is extremely helpful in alleviating uncontrollable and debilitating muscle tremors. Other patients with severe spastic conditions have reported that medical cannabis “actually keeps them alive”
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
It has been asserted that medical cannabis is a safer alternative to conventional PTSD treatment, particularly among soldiers and veterans. Marijuana’s relaxing effect allows soldiers to relieve their anxiety without the foggy mental state induced by antidepressants. In addition, antidepressants and other medications for PTSD have a high risk of developing addiction. Hence, they are not recommended for long-term use. On the other hand, marijuana use can increase or decrease depending on the patient’s condition. The upside is that there is little to no side effects regardless of the amount used. According to some, marijuana may very well be the safest anti-depressant on the market today.
One of the most common uses of medical cannabis is for patients undergoing chemotherapy. Cancer patients going through chemo experience severe pain, nausea and vomiting. All ofthese cam lead to other health complications. Marijuana has been shown to reduce these side effects. There are also other FDA-approved cannabinoid medications that use tetrahydrocannabinol for the same purposes
There is strong evidence that the cannabinoids naturally produced in the body play a role in suppressing nausea in normal circumstances, and intake of cannabinoids from medical marijuana during episodes of nausea can also effectively relieve symptoms
Other conditions are still subject to approval